However, there have been recent advances: Afrobarometer found that majorities in three countries in addition to South Africa—Cape Verde, Mozambique, and Namibia—are tolerant of homosexuality. Although Muslim and conservative Christian groups continue to oppose the law, same-sex marriage is widely accepted by the Dutch public. The country's Socialist Prime Minister at the time, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, proposed the bill shortly after his election in Italy thus breached the Convention; it eventually implemented civil unions in Israel recognizes same-sex marriages performed in other countries, and same-sex couples enjoy civil benefits, including residency permits for the partners of Israeli citizens. This gave same-sex couples in Belgium the right to marry -- which granted them the tax rights that heterosexual couples already enjoyed -- and also officially recognized the status of same-sex couples who married in other countries. The country's Prime Minister at the time, Social Democrat Johanna Sigurdardottir, was the first openly gay head of state in the world, and soon after the bill passed she married her long-time partner in one of the first same-sex marriages in Iceland. However, the Supreme Court heard arguments Tuesday in a case that considers the legal relationship between gay rights and religious freedom. United States Eleven years after same-sex marriage was first made legal in Massachusetts, the U. However, the court chose not to issue a broader ruling on whether businesses have a right to deny goods or services to LGBT people for religious reasons. The legislation gave same-sex couples the right to marry, divorce and adopt children. Romanian authorities refused to recognise their marriage and the case progressed to the European Court of Justice. The Court has held that the European Convention on Human Rights ECHR requires member states to provide legal recognition, but does not require marriage to be opened to same-sex couples. In , New Zealand enacted legislation allowing same-sex couples to enter into civil unions. The law only applies to England and Wales because Scotland and Northern Ireland are semi-autonomous and have separate legislative bodies to decide many domestic issues, including the definition of marriage. The bill was pushed through by President Francois Hollande, who was elected a year earlier, and his Socialist Party.